The United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals call for improving maternal and child health status. Their progress, however, has been minimal and uneven across countries. The continuum of care is a key to strengthening maternal, newborn, and child health. In this context, the Japanese government launched the Ghana Ensure Mothers and Babies Regular Access to Care (EMBRACE) Implementation Research Project in collaboration with the Ghanaian government. This study aims to evaluate the implementation process and effects of an intervention to increase the continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and child health status in Ghana.
The rise of single-parent families have been attributed to the increasing divorce rate, death of a parent; out of wedlock birth, court appointed guardianship, rejection or other factors that leave one adult totally responsible for the rearing of children ( Amaldo, 2004; Comstock, 2005; Kinnear, 1999). Single parents face economic hardship compared to two-parent families. Single parents experience difficulties with role identity (Comstock, 2005; Richard & Schmierge, 1993). Some social stigma is still attached to single-parents status, regardless of how it was acquired. Part of the stigma of single parent families is linked to a higher incidence of adjustment problems among children of single parents compared to two-parent families. Some of these are attributed to single- parent’s inability to support their families financially, ineffective parenting practices of the non custodial parent, low income status, parental conflict before and after the divorce or separation.
Ayeldu and its surrounding communities have very low per capita monthly income, low standard of living, inadequate social and technical infrastructure, low output and productivity levels, unemployment and under employment. Most of the youth migrate to the urban centres after completing basic school in search of greener pastures. It was this background that the author initiated the support group and provided ongoing education and supervisions to individual single parents interested to make their life better. The author coordinated the group and was the main leader for the group sessions that met 90 minutes weekly for twelve weeks. The purpose of this article was first to provide an overview of some hardships single parents face, the long term effects it has on their lives and discuss the ways in which their needs can be addressed through counseling and psycho- educational support group model. The model is specifically designed to assist members to receive support, equip them with techniques and coping skills in dealing with personal and interpersonal needs and conflicts.